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  ADM Process


Aeronautical Decision Making (ADM) Process


ADM is a systematic approach to risk assessment and stress management. To understand ADM is to also understand how personal attitudes can influence decision-making and how those attitudes can be modified to enhance safety in the flight deck. It is important to understand the factors that cause humans to make decisions and how the decision-making process not only works, but can be improved.

A Remote PIC uses many different resources to safely operate an sUAS and needs to be able to manage these resources effectively.

The ADM process addresses all aspects of decision-making in a solo or crew environment and identifies the steps involved in good decision-making. These steps for good decision-making are as follows:

  • Identifying Personal Attitudes Hazardous to Safe Flight
  • Learning Behavior Modification Techniques
  • Learning How to Recognize and Cope with Stress
  • Developing Risk Assessment Skills
  • Using All Available Resources with More Than One Crewmember (CRM).


Effective Team Communication

A Remote PIC must be able to function in a team environment and maximize team performance. This skill set includes situational awareness, proper allocation of tasks to individuals, avoidance of work overloads in self and in others, and effectively communicating with other members of the crew, such as VOs and persons manipulating the controls of an sUAS.


Task Management

Tasks vary depending on the complexity of the operation. Depending upon the area of the operations, additional crewmembers may be needed to safely operate the aircraft.

Enough crewmembers should be utilized to ensure no one on the team becomes overloaded. Once a member of the team becomes overworked, there’s a greater possibility of an incident/accident.